A “Grand Bargain” – Massachusetts Enacts Paid Medical and Family Leave

Posted on: June 29, 2018 0

BY MARTI CARDI, VP-PRODUCT COMPLIANCE & GAIL COHEN, DIRECTOR-EMPLOYMENT LAW/COMPLIANCE

Governor Charlie Baker signed a bill on June 28 making Massachusetts the seventh jurisdiction to enact paid family and medical leave (PFML).  The paid leave provisions are part of a so-called Grand Bargain between the state legislature and voters that was designed to keep several voter initiatives off the November ballot. 

Here are some key provisions:

Funding.  The benefits will be funded at an initial rate of 0.63% of employee’s average weekly wage (to be adjusted annually):

  • The premium for medical leave (employee’s own serious health condition)
    will be paid 40% by the employee and 60% by the employer
  • The employee pays 100% of the premium for family leave
  • The premium has not (yet) been apportioned between medical leave
    and family leave

Premium contributions.  Employers and employees must begin making premium contributions July 1, 2019.

Paid leave benefits available.  Paid leave benefits for all leave reasons except family member serious health condition begin on January 1, 2021.  Paid leave benefits to care for a family member with a serious health condition begin on July 1, 2021.

Leave reasons.  Leave reasons mirror those of the federal Family and Medical Leave Act (which will run concurrently in most cases):  Employee’s serious health condition, family member’s serious health condition, bonding with anew child, family military exigencies, and care for a seriously ill or injured service member.

Benefit amount.  Benefits are paid based on a percentage of an employee’s wages, with a cap of $850 weekly.

Leave duration.  Leave durations in a 12-month period are up to:

  • 20 weeks for medical leave (an employee’s own serious health condition)
  • 12 weeks of family leave (care of a family member with a serious health condition, bonding, or military exigencies)
  • 26 weeks to care for a seriously ill or injured service member
  • Aggregate maximum of 26 weeks in a 12-month period for all leave reasons

Voluntary plan.  Employers can meet obligations through the state plan or through a private plan(s) for medical and/or family leave that offer benefits at least as beneficial to employees as the state plan

Matrix will administer this leave law for clients: Watch this space for a more detailed summary of the new law in the next day or two. 

Existing PFML laws.  California, New Jersey, New York, and Rhode Island already have paid family and medical leave laws in effect.  In addition, Washington State’s PFML law will require premium payments starting January 1, 2019, and paid leave benefits starting January 1, 2020.   You can check out our prior summaries about Washington State here and hereWashington D.C. is next in the wings with premium payments starting July 1, 2019, and paid leave benefits starting July 1, 2020.

 

MATRIX CAN HELP!  Matrix provides leave, disability, and accommodation management services to employers seeking a comprehensive and compliant solution to these complex employer obligations. We monitor the many leave laws being passed around the country and specialize in understanding how they work together. For leave management and accommodation assistance, contact us at ping@matrixcos.com.

Massachusetts Enacts Pregnant Workers Fairness Act

Posted on: July 31, 2017 0

By Marti Cardi, VP-Product Compliance &

Gail Cohen, Director-Employment Law/Compliance

 

The move toward significant workplace protections for pregnant employees continues state by state.  On July 27, 2017, Massachusetts Governor Charlie Baker signed House Bill 3680 establishing the Massachusetts Pregnant Workers Fairness Act.

Massachusetts joins 15 other states and Washington, D.C. with similar protections for pregnant employees.  These laws typically provide protections well beyond existing protections under the Americans with Disabilities Act, in that they do not require the employee to be disabled by the pregnancy in order to receive a reasonable accommodation.

The Massachusetts Act, effective April 1, 2018, provides broad protections for employees and prospective employees who are pregnant or have conditions related to pregnancy.  Key provisions include the following:

Employers cannot deny an employee’s request for a reasonable accommodation due to an employee’s pregnancy or condition related to pregnancy, including lactation or expressing breast milk.

Employers must engage in a timely, good faith, and interactive process to determine effective reasonable accommodations to enable employees to perform the essential functions of their jobs.

Employers can require documentation to support a request for a reasonable accommodation. The Act identifies a broad list of types of health care providers who can supply the documentation, including not just physicians but also a variety of other medical professionals, assistants, and therapists.

Documentation cannot be required for employee requests for: (1) more frequent restroom, food, and water breaks; (2) seating; and (3) limits on lifting over 20 pounds.

The employer can deny an employee’s request if it can show that the accommodation would impose an undue hardship, defined as significant difficulty or expense. Factors to consider include the nature and cost of the requested accommodation, the financial resources, size, and facilities of the employer’s business, and the impact of the requested accommodation on the employer’s expenses, resources, or other impact on the employer’s business.

Employers cannot require an employee to accept an unnecessary accommodation, including a forced leave of absence.

The Act prohibits discrimination and retaliation against a pregnant employee or prospective employee in hiring and in terms and conditions of employment, or for requesting an accommodation.

Employers must provide written notice of employees’ rights under the Act, including the right to reasonable accommodations for conditions related to pregnancy. Required notices include a notice of the rights under the Act in an employee handbook, notice to all new employees upon starting employment, notice to existing employees on or before January 1, 2018, and notice to an employee within 10 days of notification to her employer of her pregnancy and/or her need to express breast milk for a nursing child.

 

MATRIX CAN HELP!  Matrix provides leave, disability, and accommodation management services to employers seeking a comprehensive and compliant solution to these complex employer obligations. We monitor the many leave laws being passed around the country and specialize in understanding how they work together. For leave management and accommodation assistance, contact us at ping@matrixcos.com.